Base units, their origin and meaning

Where base units come from and how they are related to each other? The second, the metre and other base units are useful approximations for describing our universe. What we measure are mere ratios between measured values and base units. The fundamental question is how...

Basic principles of mathematics

 We can only count what is, not what is not. Or rather, we count what it appears to be, and not count what it appears not to be. And knowledge what isn’t doesn’t mean it can be. Or something looks like it is and something looks like it isn’t. See...

Probability and randomnes

Irreversibility is the basic principle of the Universe. It’s impossible to get back a reverse motion exactly. Everything is always different and new. Although at first glance it might look the same. Consider snowflakes, every roll of the dice. It is not possible...

Natural philosophy of mathematics

At the beginning of the Universe, there were no elements as we know them today. It had taken some time for the first atoms of elements such as hydrogen and helium to form, and even longer for the other elements of the periodic table to be created inside stars. After...