Base units, their origin and meaning

Where base units come from and how they are related to each other? The second, the metre and other base units are useful approximations for describing our universe. What we measure are mere ratios between measured values and base units. The fundamental question is how...

Basic principles of mathematics

What is mathematics? Counting. Counting what? Counting what is distinguishable to our perception. We perceive the world around us and inside us. We perceive distinguishable shapes in nature, the intensity of feelings and much more. We express these distinguishable...

Probability and randomnes

Irreversibility is the basic principle of the Universe. See quantum field with “zero” vacuum fluctuations – completely random and indescribable changes inside that. Still unpredictably “bubbling”. Pure chaos. It’s impossible to get...

Natural philosophy of mathematics

At the beginning of the Universe, there were no elements as we know them today. It had taken some time for the first atoms of elements such as hydrogen and helium to form, and even longer for the other elements of the periodic table to be created inside stars. After...